January, 1997

This is a repeating event

199721JanAll DayTosco Avon (Hydrocracker) Explosion 1997Tosco Avon Martinez (US-CA) Industry:RefiningCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Overpressure Origin: EPA Incident:VCEHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Hydrocarbons


On January 21, 1997, an explosion and fire occurred at the Hydrocracker Unit of the Tosco Refinery at Martinez, California, resulting in one death, 46 worker injuries and precautionary sheltering-in-place for the surrounding community. The accident involved the release and autoignition of a mixture of flammable hydrocarbons and hydrogen under high temperature and pressure. EPA undertook an investigation into the causes and underlying circumstances associated with this accident because of its serious consequences (fatality, injuries and offsite concern), the potential for greater impacts, and the opportunity to learn from this accident how similar accidents could be prevented

Image Credit: EPA


EPAUS Environmental Protection Agency