Contributory Factors Runaway Reaction

unexpected reaction/phase-transition

April

202317AprAll DayWest Fertilizer Explosion 2013West Fertilizer Co. West (US-TX)Lessons:Commitment & Culture,Compliance with Standards,Emergency Preparedness,Process Knowledge,Risk Assessment,Stakeholder Engagement,Workforce InvolvementIndustry:AgricultureCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Fire exposure Origin: CSB Incident:Dust explosionHazards:ExplosiveContributory Factors:Runaway ReactionImpact:HUMAN (Offsite Fatalities)Effects:11 – 100 FatalitiesMaterial:Ammonium NitrateTopics:Occupied Buildings

May

202303MayAll DayAB Specialty Silicones Explosion 2019AB Specialty Silicones Waukegan (US-IL)Lessons:Asset integrity,Operational IntegrityIndustry:ChemicalsCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Component malfunction Origin: CSB Incident:VCEHazards:FlammableContributory Factors:Runaway ReactionImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Silicon Hydride

202324MayAll DayMidland Resource Recovery Explosion 2017Midland Resource Recovery Philippi (US-WV)Lessons:Commitment & Culture,Compliance with Standards,Risk AssessmentIndustry:StorageCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Operator error Origin: CSB Incident:Runaway reaction explosionHazards:Corrosive,OxidisingContributory Factors:Runaway ReactionImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Sodium HypochloriteTopics:Chemical Reaction

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