LoC DEGRADATION

September

202205SepAll DayBASF (FREEPORT) FIRE 2015BASF, Freeport (US-TX)Lessons:Asset integrity,Audits & Reviews,Commitment & Culture,Competency,Compliance with Standards,Contractor Management,Process Knowledge,Risk Assessment,Stakeholder EngagementIndustry:PetrochemicalsCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: MKOPSC Incident:Flash fireHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site Injuries)Effects:< 100 InjuriesMaterial:Cyclohexanol,Cyclohexanone

202209SepAll DayPG&E San Bruno Pipeline Explosion 2010Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) San Bruno (US-CA)Lessons:Asset integrity,Emergency Preparedness,Process Knowledge,Risk AssessmentIndustry:PipelinesCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: NTSB Incident:EXPLOSIONHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (Offsite Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Methane

202215SepAll DaySALTERS CARTAGE EXPLOSION 2015Salters Cartage, Wiri (NZ)Lessons:Audits & Reviews,Commitment & Culture,Competency,Compliance with Standards,Contractor Management,Control of Work,Emergency Preparedness,Incident Investigation,Operating Procedures,Operational Integrity,Process Knowledge,Risk Assessment,Stakeholder Engagement,Workforce InvolvementIndustry:Waste TreatmentCountry:New ZealandLanguage:ENLoC:Maintenance error Origin: MKOPSC Incident:VCEContributory Factors:Maintenance,Organization Inadequate,Organized Procedures,Staffing,Training/InstructionImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 Fatalities

202216SepAll DayMaridi Explosion 2015Maridi, Juba, South Sudan (SS)Lessons:Asset integrity,Audits & Reviews,Commitment & Culture,Competency,Compliance with Standards,Control of Work,Emergency Preparedness,Incident Investigation,Operating Procedures,Operational Integrity,Process Knowledge,Risk Assessment,Stakeholder Engagement,Workforce InvolvementIndustry:RoadCountry:South SudanLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: MKOPSC Incident:VCEHazards:FlammableContributory Factors:Component Malfunction,Organized Procedures,Process AnalysisImpact:HUMAN (Offsite Fatalities)Effects:11 - 100 FatalitiesMaterial:Crude Oil

202218SepAll DayHENAN ZHONGHONG TOXIC RELEASE 2015Henan Zhonghong Coal Chemical Co., Pingdingshan, Henan (CN)Lessons:Asset integrity,Audits & Reviews,Commitment & Culture,Competency,Compliance with Standards,Control of Work,Operating Procedures,Operational Integrity,Operational Readiness,Process Knowledge,Risk AssessmentIndustry:ChemicalsCountry:ChinaLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: MKOPSC Incident:Gas/vapour/mist/etc release to airHazards:Corrosive,Environmental,ToxicContributory Factors:Component MalfunctionImpact:HUMAN (Offsite Injuries)Effects:< 100 InjuriesMaterial:Ammonia

202222SepAll DayLANZHOU COLLAPSE 2014Lanzhou, Gansu (CN)Lessons:Competency,Compliance with Standards,Control of Work,Operating Procedures,Operational Integrity,Operational Readiness,Performance Indicators,Process Knowledge,Risk Assessment,Workforce InvolvementIndustry:MiningCountry:ChinaLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: MKOPSC Incident:COLLAPSEHazards:Mechanical/Kinetic/PotentialContributory Factors:Component Malfunction,Organization Inadequate,Organized Procedures,Training/InstructionImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Limestone

202223SepAll DayHMS GLASGOW EXPLOSION 1976HMS Glasgow Tyneside (GB)Industry:ShippingCountry:United KingdomLanguage:ENLoC:DeteriorationIncident:EXPLOSIONHazards:OxidisingImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Oyxgen

202227SepAll DayMILAZZO FIRE 2014Milazzo Refinery, Sicily (IT)Lessons:Audits & Reviews,Competency,Compliance with Standards,Contractor Management,Control of Work,Management of Change,Operating Procedures,Operational Integrity,Operational Readiness,Process Knowledge,Risk AssessmentIndustry:RefiningCountry:ItalyLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: MKOPSC Incident:Pool fireHazards:FlammableContributory Factors:Maintenance,Management Attitude,Organized Procedures,SupervisionImpact:HUMAN (On Site At Risk)Effects:EnvironmentalMaterial:Crude Oil

October

202202OctAll DayXcel Energy Hydroelectric Tunnel Fire 2007Xcel Energy Georgetown (US-CO)Lessons:Contractor Management,Control of Work,Emergency PreparednessIndustry:Renewable PowerCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Maintenance error Origin: CSB Incident:FIREHazards:FlammableContributory Factors:Electrostatic AccumulationImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Methyl Ethyl Ketone

202208OctAll DayCarson Refinery Explosion 1992Carson Refinery Los Angeles (US-CA)Industry:RefiningCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: Marsh Incident:EXPLOSIONHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site At Risk)Effects:EnvironmentalMaterial:Hydrogen

202212OctAll DayMazeikiu Refinery Fire 2006Mazeikiu Nafta (LT)Industry:RefiningCountry:LithuaniaLanguage:ENLoC:Deficiency Origin: Marsh Incident:FIREHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site At Risk)Effects:EnvironmentalMaterial:Crude Oil

202216OctAll DaySodegaura Refinery Explosion 1992Fuji Oil Co. Sodegaura (JP)Industry:RefiningCountry:JapanLanguage:ENLoC:Maintenance error Origin: Marsh Incident:VCEHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Hydrocarbons

202217OctAll DayBASF (Ludwigshaven) Explosion 2016BASF Ludwigshaven (DE)Lessons:Contractor Management,Control of WorkIndustry:PetrochemicalsCountry:GermanyLanguage:ENLoC:Maintenance error Origin: ARIA Incident:VCEHazards:FlammableContributory Factors:ErrorImpact:HUMAN (Offsite Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Butylene

202217OctAll DayMagellan Pipeline Toxic Release 2016Magellan Midstream Partners Tekamah (US-NE)Lessons:Asset integrityIndustry:PipelinesCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: NTSB Incident:Gas/vapour/mist/etc release to airHazards:Corrosive,Environmental,ToxicContributory Factors:Corrosion/Erosion/FatigueImpact:HUMAN (Offsite Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Ammonia

202221OctAll DayNew Castle Explosion 1980Amoco New Castle (US-DE)Industry:PetrochemicalsCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Maintenance error Origin: Marsh Incident:VCEHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Hexane

202221OctAll DayTriad Transport Toxic Release 2014Triad Transport, Madison County (US-KY)Lessons:Asset integrity,Audits & Reviews,Emergency Preparedness,Risk AssessmentIndustry:RoadCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: MKOPSC Incident:Fluid release to groundHazards:Corrosive,Harmful/IrritantContributory Factors:Transport AccidentImpact:HUMAN (Offsite At Risk)Effects:EnvironmentalMaterial:Ferric chloride

202223OctAll DayPhillips 66 Explosion 1989Phillips 66 Pasadena (US-TX)Lessons:Asset integrity,Control of Work,Emergency Preparedness,Operational Integrity,Risk AssessmentIndustry:PetrochemicalsCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Maintenance error Origin: HSE Incident:VCEHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:11 – 100 FatalitiesMaterial:EthyleneTopics:Occupied Buildings

202225OctAll DayPULAU MERLIMAU FIRE 1988Singapore Refinery Co. Pulau Merlimau (SG)Industry:RefiningCountry:SingaporeLanguage:ENLoC:Maintenance errorIncident:FIREHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site Injuries)Effects:< 100 InjuriesMaterial:Naptha

November

202204NovAll DayAppleby-Frodingham Steelworks Explosion 1975Appleby-Frodingham Scunthorpe (GB)Industry:Metal ProcessingCountry:United KingdomLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: HSE Incident:Rapid phase-transition explosionHazards:Mechanical/Kinetic/PotentialImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:11 – 100 FatalitiesMaterial:Steel

202205NovAll DayFloating Production Unit Flammable Release 2006Norwegian North Sea (NO)Industry:OffshoreCountry:NorwayLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: Marsh Incident:Gas/vapour/mist/etc release to airHazards:FlammableImpact:ENVIRONMENTAL (Offsite)Effects:EnvironmentalMaterial:Methane

202205NovAll DayValero (Delaware) Refinery Asphyxiation 2005Valero Delaware City (US-DE)Lessons:Competency,Control of WorkIndustry:RefiningCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Maintenance error Origin: CSB Incident:AsphyxiationHazards:AsphyxiantContributory Factors:ViolationImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Nitrogen

202209NovAll DayE. I. Dupont De Nemours Explosion 2010E.I. duPont de Nemours and Co. Buffalo (US-NY)Lessons:Control of Work,Operational IntegrityIndustry:Plastics & PolymersCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Maintenance error Origin: CSB Incident:VCEHazards:Flammable,ToxicContributory Factors:MaintenanceImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Vinyl Fluoride

202209NovAll DayLa Mede Refinery Explosion 1992Total La Mede (FR)Industry:RefiningCountry:FranceLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: Marsh Incident:VCEHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site At Risk)Effects:EnvironmentalMaterial:Hydrocarbons

202212NovAll DayAllied Terminals Tank Collapse 2008Allied Terminals Chesapeake (US-VA)Lessons:Asset integrity,Compliance with Standards,Management of ChangeIndustry:StorageCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Deficiency Origin: CSB Incident:Fluid release to waterHazards:OxidisingContributory Factors:Containment FailureImpact:HUMAN (Offsite Injuries)Effects:< 100 InjuriesMaterial:Urea Ammonium Nitrate

202217NovAll DayIRELAND ALLOYS TOXIC RELEASE 2014Ireland Alloys, Blantyre (GB)Lessons:Commitment & Culture,Competency,Compliance with Standards,Contractor Management,Control of Work,Operating Procedures,Operational Integrity,Operational Readiness,Risk AssessmentIndustry:Waste TreatmentCountry:United KingdomLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: MKOPSC Incident:Gas/vapour/mist/etc release to airImpact:HUMAN (On Site Injuries)Effects:< 100 Injuries

202219NovAll DayPike River Mine Explosion 2010Pike River Coal Pike River (NZ)Lessons:Audits & Reviews,Contractor Management,Emergency Preparedness,Operational ReadinessIndustry:MiningCountry:New ZealandLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: New Zealand Government Incident:EXPLOSIONHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:11 – 100 FatalitiesMaterial:Methane

202222NovAll DayExxonmobil (Baton Rouge) Fire 2016ExxonMobil Baton Rouge (US-LA)Lessons:Asset integrity,Competency,Operating ProceduresIndustry:RefiningCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Maintenance error Origin: CSB Incident:FIREHazards:FlammableContributory Factors:MaintenanceImpact:HUMAN (On Site Injuries)Effects:< 100 InjuriesMaterial:Isobutane

202229NovAll DayDelaware City Refining Toxic Release & Fire 2015Delaware City Refining Co Delaware City (US-DE)Lessons:Control of Work,Management of Change,Operating Procedures,Operational IntegrityIndustry:RefiningCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: CSB Incident:FIREHazards:FlammableContributory Factors:MaintenanceImpact:HUMAN (On Site Injuries)Effects:< 100 InjuriesMaterial:Hydrocarbons

December

202203DecAll DayMarcus Oil & Chemical Explosion 2004Marcus Oil and Chemical Houston (US-TX) Lessons:Asset integrity,Operating ProceduresIndustry:ChemicalsCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Deficiency Origin: CSB Incident:VCEHazards:FlammableContributory Factors:Containment FailureImpact:HUMAN (Offsite Injuries)Effects:< 100 InjuriesMaterial:Polyethylene

202207DecAll DayNDK Crystal Explosion 2009NDK Crystal Belvidere (US-IL)Lessons:Commitment & Culture,Compliance with Standards,Incident InvestigationIndustry:ManufacturingCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Deficiency Origin: CSB Incident:Pressure burstHazards:Mechanical/Kinetic/PotentialContributory Factors:Corrosion/Erosion/FatigueImpact:HUMAN (Offsite Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Quartz

202210DecAll DayMünchsmünster Explosion 2005ROG Münchsmünster (DE)Industry:PetrochemicalsCountry:GermanyLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: Marsh Incident:VCEHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site Injuries)Effects:< 100 InjuriesMaterial:Hexane

202213DecAll DayAmuay Refinery Fire 1984PDVSA Falcón (VE)Industry:RefiningCountry:VenezuelaLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: Marsh Incident:Jet flameHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site At Risk)Effects:EnvironmentalMaterial:Hydrocarbons

January

202306JanAll DayAlbian Sands Explosion 2003Shell Canada Albian Sands (CA-AB)Industry:RefiningCountry:CanadaLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: Marsh Incident:VCEHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site Injuries)Effects:< 100 InjuriesMaterial:Hydrocarbons

202309JanAll DayFreedom Industries Toxic Release 2014Freedom Industries Charleston (US-WV)Lessons:Asset integrity,Compliance with Standards,Emergency PreparednessIndustry:StorageCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: CSB Incident:Fluid release to waterHazards:Harmful/IrritantContributory Factors:Containment FailureImpact:HUMAN (Offsite Injuries)Effects:≥ 100 InjuriesMaterial:MCHM

202311JanAll DayBethune Point Explosion 2006City of Daytona Beach Bethune Point (US-FL)Lessons:Asset integrity,Control of Work,Process Knowledge,Workforce InvolvementIndustry:Water TreatmentCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Maintenance error Origin: CSB Incident:VCEHazards:Flammable,ToxicContributory Factors:MaintenanceImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Methanol

202311JanAll DayRuwais Refinery Fire 2017ADNOC Ruwais (AE)Industry:RefiningCountry:Abu DhabiLanguage:ENLoC:Maintenance error Origin: Marsh Incident:FIREHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site At Risk)Effects:EnvironmentalMaterial:Crude Oil

202312JanAll DaySilver Eagle Refinery Explosion 2009Silver Eagle Refinery Woods Cross (US-UT)Lessons:Asset integrityIndustry:RefiningCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: CSB Incident:Flash fireHazards:FlammableContributory Factors:Corrosion/Erosion/FatigueImpact:HUMAN (On Site Injuries)Effects:< 100 InjuriesMaterial:Hydrogen,Naptha

202317JanAll DayBP (Llandarcy) Refinery Explosion 1981BP Oil Llandarcy (GB)Lessons:Asset integrity,Emergency PreparednessIndustry:RefiningCountry:United KingdomLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: HSE Incident:VCEHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site At Risk)Effects:EnvironmentalMaterial:Propane

202318JanAll DayPETROBRAS (RLAM) EXPLOSION 2015Petrobras, Landulpho Alves Refinery, Salvador (BR)Lessons:Asset integrity,Audits & Reviews,Competency,Compliance with Standards,Control of Work,Emergency Preparedness,Incident Investigation,Management of Change,Operating Procedures,Operational Integrity,Operational Readiness,Performance Indicators,Process Knowledge,Risk Assessment,Stakeholder Engagement,Workforce InvolvementIndustry:RefiningCountry:BrazilLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: MKOPSC Incident:EXPLOSIONHazards:FlammableContributory Factors:Corrosion/Erosion/Fatigue,Health,Maintenance,Organized ProceduresEffects:< 100 InjuriesMaterial:Hydrogen

202319JanAll DaySkikda Explosion 2004Sonatrach Skikda (DZ)Industry:LNGCountry:AlgeriaLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: Marsh Incident:VCEHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:11 – 100 FatalitiesMaterial:LNG

202323JanAll DayDupont (Belle) Toxic Release 2010DuPont Belle (US-WV)Lessons:Asset integrity,Audits & Reviews,Competency,Compliance with Standards,Emergency Preparedness,Incident Investigation,Operating Procedures,Risk AssessmentIndustry:ChemicalsCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: CSB Incident:Gas/vapour/mist/etc release to airHazards:Corrosive,Flammable,ToxicContributory Factors:Containment FailureImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Methyl Chloride,Oleum,Phosgene

202328JanAll DayChallenger Disintegration 1986NASA Challenger Space Shuttle (US-FL)Industry:AerospaceCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Deficiency Origin: NASA Incident:COLLAPSEHazards:Mechanical/Kinetic/PotentialImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 Fatalities

202330JanAll DayLittle General Store Explosion 2007Little General Store Ghent (US-WV)Lessons:Emergency Preparedness,Process Knowledge,Stakeholder EngagementIndustry:MiscellaneousCountry:United StatesLanguage:ENLoC:Maintenance error Origin: CSB Incident:VCEHazards:FlammableContributory Factors:SupervisionImpact:HUMAN (Offsite Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Propane

202331JanAll DayRaudhatain Terminal Explosion 2002Raudhatain Kuwait (KW)Industry:StorageCountry:KuwaitLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: Marsh Incident:VCEHazards:FlammableImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Crude Oil

202331JanAll DayLINYI EXPLOSION 2015Linyi Huasheng Group, Shandong (CN)Lessons:Commitment & Culture,Competency,Compliance with Standards,Control of Work,Operating Procedures,Operational Integrity,Operational Readiness,Performance Indicators,Process Knowledge,Risk Assessment,Workforce InvolvementIndustry:Metal ProcessingCountry:ChinaLanguage:ENLoC:Deterioration Origin: MKOPSC Incident:EXPLOSIONHazards:FlammableContributory Factors:Organization Inadequate,Organized Procedures,Training/InstructionImpact:HUMAN (On Site Fatalities)Effects:1-10 FatalitiesMaterial:Coke

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